Higher throughput, better accuracy, and lower costs of DNA sequencing technology revolutionized the field of genetics. Building upon these technological advances, 1000 genomes project marked the new era of human genetics. The ambitious goal of this international project is to build a detailed map of human genetic variation by sequencing 2500 individuals from five major population groups. The first insights into the project results got available upon completion of the pilot phase that covered some hundreds of individuals (The 1000 Genomes Project Consortium 2010).
Durbin, R., & al. (2010). A map of human genome variation from population-scale sequencing Nature, 467 (7319), 1061-1073 DOI: 10.1038/nature09534